Can nature-based solutions contribute to water security in Bhopal?

Following the IUKWC Grassroots Field Exposure Session (GFES) and User Engagement Initiative (UEI) in Bhopal, Dr Mark Everard and colleagues from the IUKWC Open Network have published a paper in the Science of the Total Environment journal. From 24th February to 2nd March 2019 IUKWC brought scientists and community members together in the Bhopal region of Madhya Pradesh. This new publication collates knowledge from the literature on the quality and quantity of water in Bhojtal, trends in water resource use, the dynamics and contributions of the lake catchment area, and implications for the long-term wellbeing of the socio-ecological dependencies of the Bhopal city region.

Highlights from the paper include:

  • Bhojtal contributes significantly to Bhopal's water supply, but is degrading.
  • Despite adequate rainfall, soil impermeability and complex geology hamper recharge.
  • Increasing abstraction across the Bhojtal catchment is depressing groundwater.
  • Declines in ecosystem services are likely without appropriate interventions.
  • Localised knowledge of hydrogeology can optimise catchment management interventions.


For free time-limited access to the paper, please visit

Photo by Jess Aston on Unsplash.